You are here: Home > Tips & Guides > Flowers > Getting Started

How to Start a Flower Garden

Having your own flower garden can be a wonderful experience and can add beauty and joy to your home and yard. Before you begin planting your flower garden, you should carefully plan a few things to ensure that they grow healthy and that your garden remains beautiful and long lasting. Of course, the first thing you’ll want to do is choose the best possible spot to plant your flower garden.

Consider things such as the amount of sunlight the spot will get, and if it will allow for the proper drainage. You may even want to trace the borders of your garden with a stick in the dirt to give you an idea of what the layout will look like. If this isn’t something you want to do, try sketching out your ideas on a piece of paper. Another idea is to use simple household flour to trace the outlines. This way, if you decide you don’t like something, you can always brush it out of the way and start over.

The next step for starting your flower garden is to decide which plants will be planted in the garden and where. Remember that taller flowers should be placed at the back of the garden, and shorter ones in the front. This way all of your flowers can be seen, and the taller plants won’t block the smaller ones or get in the way of their natural sunlight. In addition, all of your flowers should be easily accessible when it comes to fertilizing and trimming them, so you don’t end up stepping on or crushing them by accident. Before you plant anything, you should conduct a thorough test of your existing soil. Many places offer PH tests free of charge. You can also obtain a home testing kit if you so desire. Next, prep your soil by fertilizing and tilling it. This process stirs up the nutrients that are already in the soil, and gets it ready for optimal flower growth. Compost is a huge asset to any garden and gives an extra boost to the already existing soil. You should spread the compost in a layer of about 3-4 inches over everything, including the grass that is already there. Also, be sure to pre-treat your soil with some form of pesticide to ensure that deadly insects don’t infiltrate your garden and kill your flowers. Try to find one that is environmentally friendly with minimal to no harsh chemicals.

Once you’ve designed your outline, tilled and tested your soil, added compost and treated the area with pesticide, it’s time to plant your flowers! You can choose to plant the flowers from their original seeds, or use seedlings instead, which are the flowers in their infant stages but they have already begun to establish roots. Seedlings are usually the best option. You should dig holes in your soil about eight to ten inches deep. Some plants need even more depth, somewhere around 24 inches (two feet). This is especially important if you’re planting perennials, because they require extra root space to grow down into the earth. As you’re digging, if you find any rocks or old root pieces, chunks of matter, etc, be sure to toss this to the side. Hard objects left in the soil can prohibit healthy root growth for your new flowers. Once you’re done digging, you may want to rake the surface so that everything is level and ready for planting. Now it’s time to plant your seeds or seedlings! Be sure that everything is spaced fairly evenly, and that the fully grown flowers won’t end up “choking” each other when they are full size. When you’ve completed your planting, you might want to consider adding edging to the garden to give it a polished look. This can also help prevent weed growth in the flower bed. Now you’re finished and ready to enjoy a lovely flower garden that the whole family can appreciate and enjoy.